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Guide to Starting a Business in Haiti

Formal registration of companies has many immediate benefits for the companies and for business owners and employees. Legal entities can outlive their founders. Resources are pooled as several shareholders join forces to start a company. Formally registered companies have access to services and institutions from courts to banks as well as to new markets. And their employees can benefit from protections provided by the law. An additional benefit comes with limited liability companies. These limit the financial liability of company owners to their investments, so personal assets of the owners are not put at risk. Where governments make registration easy, more entrepreneurs start businesses in the formal sector, creating more good jobs and generating more revenue for the government.

Below is a detailed summary of the bureaucratic and legal hurdles faced by entrepreneurs wishing to incorporate and register a new firm in Haiti. It examines the procedures, time and cost involved in launching a commercial or industrial firm with up to 50 employees and start-up capital of 10 times the economy's per-capita gross national income.

This information was collected from World Bank: Doing Business 
No.ProcedureTime to CompleteAssociated Costs
1Deposit the legally required initial capital in the National Bank and obtain deposit evidence1 dayno charge
2Prepare of company statutes ( Articles and Memorundum of Association)10 daysHTG 25000 - 35000
3Notarize the company deeds and articles of association15 daysHTG 15000 - 25000 notary fees
4Pay the registration fee at the Direction Générale des Impôts (DGI)1 dayHTG 250 (frais de dossier) + HTG 25 (vignette bleue)
5Registration with the Commercial Registry at the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and obtain the authorization of operations (Droit de fonctionnement)2-3 weeks for registration and 60 days for publicationHTG 1500 for registration + HTG 20000 for publication in Le Moniteur (10-25 pages)
* 6Obtain the Tax ID number (numero d’identification fiscale -NIF) from the Tax authorities (DGI), pay fees, and obtain certificate of patente15 days (simultaneous with previous procedure)HTG 50 (tax ID card) + 2% of initial capital + 0.3% per share + HTG 102 (droit de fonctionnement) + HTG 5 (taxe carte d’identite professionelle)
7Obtain the “Carte d’Identite Professionelle” from the Ministry of Commerce15-20 daysHTG 300-500
8Obtain special commercial books2 daysHTG 5000
9Legalize the commercial books7 daysHTG 1000
10Notification to the Labor Ministry about hiring1 dayno charge
11Register for social security (OFATMA)1 dayno charge
12Register for Retirement Insurance Office (ONA)1 dayno charge
* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.
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