Formal registration of companies has many immediate benefits for the companies and for business owners and employees. Legal entities can outlive their founders. Resources are pooled as several shareholders join forces to start a company. Formally registered companies have access to services and institutions from courts to banks as well as to new markets. And their employees can benefit from protections provided by the law. An additional benefit comes with limited liability companies. These limit the financial liability of company owners to their investments, so personal assets of the owners are not put at risk. Where governments make registration easy, more entrepreneurs start businesses in the formal sector, creating more good jobs and generating more revenue for the government.
Below is a detailed summary of the bureaucratic and legal hurdles faced by entrepreneurs wishing to incorporate and register a new firm in Timor-Leste. It examines the procedures, time and cost involved in launching a commercial or industrial firm with up to 50 employees and start-up capital of 10 times the economy's per-capita gross national income.
|No.||Procedure||Time to Complete||Associated Costs|
|1||Deposit minimum capital at the Bank||1 day||no charge|
|2||Verify uniqueness of company name, register the name, and file company statute at the Ministry of Justice||3 weeks||no charge|
|3||Publish statutes in the official gazette||30 days||no charge|
|4||Apply to tax identification number (TIN)||7 days||no charge|
|5||Notify labor department||2 days||no charge|
|6||Apply for temporary business license at the Ministry of Tourism, Commerce and Industry||21 days||USD 105|
|7||Obtain a company stamp||2 days||USD 10|
|8||Obtain the final company certificate (matricula do comercio)||10 days||no charge|