Formal registration of companies has many immediate benefits for the companies and for business owners and employees. Legal entities can outlive their founders. Resources are pooled as several shareholders join forces to start a company. Formally registered companies have access to services and institutions from courts to banks as well as to new markets. And their employees can benefit from protections provided by the law. An additional benefit comes with limited liability companies. These limit the financial liability of company owners to their investments, so personal assets of the owners are not put at risk. Where governments make registration easy, more entrepreneurs start businesses in the formal sector, creating more good jobs and generating more revenue for the government.
Below is a detailed summary of the bureaucratic and legal hurdles faced by entrepreneurs wishing to incorporate and register a new firm in Sudan. It examines the procedures, time and cost involved in launching a commercial or industrial firm with up to 50 employees and start-up capital of 10 times the economy's per-capita gross national income.
This information was collected from World Bank: Doing Business
Time to Complete
Submit application for preliminary approval to Registrar and reserve company name
Notarize memorandum and articles of association
Notify taxation chambers
Register with commercial registry
Stamp duty and other application/administrative fees (see comment)
Apply for tax identification number
Register for VAT
2 days (simultaneous with previous procedure)
Register with labor authorities
Enroll employees for social security
Make a company seal
* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.