Formal registration of companies has many immediate benefits for the companies and for business owners and employees. Legal entities can outlive their founders. Resources are pooled as several shareholders join forces to start a company. Formally registered companies have access to services and institutions from courts to banks as well as to new markets. And their employees can benefit from protections provided by the law. An additional benefit comes with limited liability companies. These limit the financial liability of company owners to their investments, so personal assets of the owners are not put at risk. Where governments make registration easy, more entrepreneurs start businesses in the formal sector, creating more good jobs and generating more revenue for the government.
Below is a detailed summary of the bureaucratic and legal hurdles faced by entrepreneurs wishing to incorporate and register a new firm in Niksic and Montenegro. It examines the procedures, time and cost involved in launching a commercial or industrial firm with up to 50 employees and start-up capital of 10 times the economy's per-capita gross national income.
|No.||Procedure||Time to Complete||Associated Costs|
|1||Notarize company's incorporation act at the Primary Court||1 day||EUR 12 (EUR 2 for request + EUR 10 for notarization)|
|2||Register the company at the Central Registry of the Commercial Court (CRCC) and obtain a statistical number||2 days||EUR 28 (EUR 10 for registration + EUR 12 for publication fee + EUR 6 for travel expenses to Podgorica)|
|3||Make a company seal||1 day||EUR 30|
|4||Open a bank account||1 day||No cost|
|5||Report company activity to the Municipal Secretariat for Economy and Finance (MSEF)||1 day||EUR 2|
|6||General tax registration of the company with the municipal tax administration||1 day||No cost|
|7||Register company for value added tax (VAT)||1 day||No cost|